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Sep 07

Perawatan Dan Penyembuhan Luka Dengan Balutan Luka Modern

Perawatan luka saat ini sedang memasuki era baru dimana sedang terjadi perubahan metode dalam perawatan luka, trend saat ini adalah merawat luka dengan tehnik lembab, dimana berdasarkan penelitian yang telah dilakukan oleh 3 orang peneliti dunia sejak tahun 1940 – 1970 dan didapatkan kesimpulan bahwa tehnik perawatan luka dengan tehnik lembab mempunyai banyak kelebihan diantaranya adalah:  1. Laju epitelisasi pada luka yg ditutup oleh poly-etylen 2 kali lebih cepat sembuh disbanding dengan luka yg dibiarkan kering, 2. Merawatan luka lembab tidak meningkatkan infeksi (hanya 2,5%) dibandung dengan meteode perawatan kering (9%).  Berawal dari penelitian2 itulah hingga saat ini telah berkembang balutan luka yang mampu menjaga kelembaban luka atau yang biasa disebut balutan luka modern. Balutan modern adalah balutan luka yang diproses sedemikian rupa yang berfungsi menjaga kelembaban luka dan diharapkan ketika luka dalam kondisi lembab maka proses penyembuhan luka akan berjalan lebih baik.

Balutan modern sudah dikenal didunia sejak awal tahun 1990an namun baru berkembang pesat pada beberapa tahun belakangan ini di Indonesia. Di dunia sudah ada sekitar 3000an lebih jenis-jenis balutan modern dan senantiasa berkembang mengikuti perkembangan teknologi dalam perawatan luka.

Berikut akan diperkenalkan beberapa jenis balutan luka modern:

1.       Hidrokoloid

Mengandung partikel hydroaktif yag terikat pada polimer hydrofobik. Kelebihan akan cairan pada luka akan diserp dan balutan akan berubah menjadi gel.balutan yang berfungsi menjaga kelembaban luka, mempunyai kemampuan menyerap cairan minimal, cocok untuk luka pada fase epitelisasi (warna dasar luka pink), dapat juga digunakan untuk mencegah terjadinya maserasi. Contoh produk: comfeel transparan

2.       Alginate

Balutan luka yang berbahan dasar dari rumput laut, mempunyai kemampuan menyerap cairan luka minimal-sedang, juga mempunyai kemampuan menghentikan pendarahan minimal, cocok untuk luka pada fase granulasi. Contoh produk: Cutimed Alginat, Curasorb

3.       Hydrogel

Balutan ini berbahan dasar gliserin, mempunyai kemampuan untuk melunakkan jaringan luka yang telah mati, cocok untuk luka dengan warna dasar hitam/kuning

4.       Balutan Anti Bakterial

Balutan ini mempunyai sifat antibacterial, sehingga mampu membunuh/menghilangkan  kuman2 yang ada pada luka, jenisnya puun bermacam-macam ada yg seperti jaring2 dan mempunyai sifat hydrofobik yang kuat sehingga mampu menarik kuman pad luka, contoh: sorbach, ada yg berbentuk serbuk contoh: iodosorb, ada yg berbentuk lembaran yg dicampur dengan alginate, contoh: seasorb, dll

5.       Foam

Balutan ini adalah berbahan dasar polyurethane foam mempunyai kemampuan yg sangat besar dalam menyerap cairan luka, cocok untuk luka yang memiliki eksudat yang banyak.

6.       Silver Dressing

Balutan yang mengandung silver, mampu menghancurkan koloni kuman dgn baik. Cocok untuk luka yang terinfeksi. Contoh: Acticoat

Demikian adalah beberapa contoh dari sekian banyak balutan yang ada di dunia, yang bila digunakan dengan tepat akan mempercepat proses penyembuhan luka. Untuk mengetahui lebih lanjut mengenai perawatan luka dengan metode balutan luka modern dapat menghubungi Klinik Khusus Perawatan Luka 021-99442130 / 081584077677 atau mengunjungi http://www.balutanlukamodern.com/  Semoga bermanfaat.

35 comments

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  1. fira

    apa ada referensi dari buku mengenai topik diatas?

  2. be

    bagus banget. lbih jos lagi disertai gambar. nuwun

    1. Ria

      trimakasih.., insyaAllah akan ditambahkan..

  3. Mukhit

    teori ini menurut siapa…??
    maaf, saya ingin beljar lebih baik lagi, jadi saya membutuhkan teorinya…
    terima kasih….

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  4. Lino Conceicao

    good reading

    1. Ria

      thanks….

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  5. vin

    it’s great…
    untuk teman2 yang mempertanyakan referensinya silahkan ikuti pelatihan modern wound care, soalnya kalau dijelasin disini agaknya terlalu ribet karena penjelasannya sangat luas.
    terima kasih

    1. Ria

      Betul mb vin, artikel ini mmg masih sangat sederhana tp bukan berarti tdk ada sumber referensinya, krn tujuan penulisannya memang utk orang awam yang membutuhkan info sederhana tentang luka dan perawatannya. sedangkan utk rekan2 yang ingin referensi lebih lengkap dan jelas memang sebaiknya membaca buku aslinya, bs menghubungi sy langsung utk mengetahui referensinya, tp kalau meminta referensi bukan utk mencari dan membaca bukunya, melainkan utk dipindahkan sebagai daftar pustaka di penelitian yg sedang disusunnya sy tdk akan berikan mb..(krn ada beberapa permintaan dari pembaca yang seperti itu)
      sekali lagi terima kasih mb vin atas komentarnya.

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